Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Energy subsidy reform: progress and challenges

Despite a growing global consensus about the need for reform of costly and environmentally damaging energy price subsidies, many countries ...


Lessons and pitfalls of transitions to democracy

Under what circumstances is a country most likely to make a successful transition to democracy? This column outlines the roles ...


Public procurement: the value of making global commitments

The World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Government Procurement aims to ensure that public procurements in signatory countries are conducted in ...


Inequality underestimated in Egypt: evidence from house prices

Standard estimates of income and consumption inequality rank Egypt as one of the world’s most equal countries. By analysing data ...


The oil price collapse: crisis or opportunity?

How should oil-producing economies in the Middle East and North Africa respond to the potential persistence of low oil prices? ...


What’s holding back the private sector in MENA?

The development of a vibrant private sector is essential for delivering the sustainable employment and inclusive growth that are so ...


Diversification strategies for the Gulf monarchies

For the Gulf monarchies, the only long-term solution to lower oil prices is to diversify the economy, which can be ...


Job creation and labour market regulation: flexibility versus security

Job creation in the formal private sector is vital for inclusive economic growth in many MENA countries, but in some ...