History suggests that in the long term, fears of technology leading to job loss and reduced wages are misplaced. But in the short and medium term, dislocation can be severe for certain types of work, places and populations. This column argues that in the transition period, policies are needed to facilitate labour market flexibility and mobility, to introduce and strengthen safety nets and social protection, and to improve education and training.
Achim D SchmillenSenior Economist, Social Protection & Labor, World Bank
Achim Schmillen is a Senior Economist with the World Bank’s Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice with more than ten years of experience in the areas of labor markets, labor market policies, migration, jobs and social protection. His expertise spans high quality analytic work and internationally visible research; extensive advisory activities and high-level policy dialogue; and hands-on operational field work and technical assistance in Bhutan, China, Germany, Malaysia, Mongolia, the United States and other countries. Achim joined the World Bank in 2013 through the Young Professionals Program and initially worked in the South Asia Human Development Unit. In 2014, he moved to the Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice and began to focus on the broader East Asia and Pacific region. Previous work experience includes appointments with America’s National Bureau of Economic Research and the Institute for Employment Research, the research institute of Germany’s Federal Employment Agency. He holds both a Master’s Degree and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Regensburg and was a visiting researcher at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of California, Los Angeles.