Despite considerable economic progress before 1990, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia all experienced ‘premature deindustrialisation’ and unfinished structural transformation. This column looks back at structural change in these three countries over the past half a century and draws lessons for today on how to unleash their productive potential. In short, an effective industrial policy is needed.
Monia GhazaliAssistant Professor at ESSECT, University of Tunis
Monia is assistant Professor at ESSECT, University of Tunis. She received her Ph.D. in Economics at the Paris Dauphine University. The thesis title is “the impact of trade openness on wage inequality between skilled and unskilled workers in developing countries: the case of Tunisia”. Monia holds a master’s degree in International Economics from Paris Dauphine University (top student) and a Bachelor degree in High business studies from IHEC Carthage. She has published many academic papers in referred journals. Her research interests regard labor market, MSMEs, wage inequality, and structural change.