Since the early 1950s, when schools in Egypt opened their doors to the masses, some have expressed concerns that the country has somehow suffered from this educational expansion. This column explains the reality of the reform effort: that it was the last step in a century-long public programme that accelerated following the 1923 constitution and its requirement that compulsory education be provided for every Egyptian child. All in all, the provision of free mass education increased student enrolment and improved, on average, the educational and occupational outcomes of the masses.
Mohamed SalehToulouse School of Economics, France
Mohamed Saleh is an Assistant Professor at Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) and Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse (IAST). His research focuses on topics related to Economic History, Development Economics and Political Economy. He received his PhD. in Economics from University of Southern California. He is an ERF Research Fellow.