How was the balance between Egypt’s formal and informal economies affected by the political turmoil that accompanied the Arab Spring? This column reports research showing that the number of jobs with no contract or social security coverage has increased in recent decades, but particularly since the uprising in 2011. Educated young people have been hurt more than the less educated.
Ahmed ElsayedSenior Research Associate, (IZA)
Dr. Ahmed Elsayed is a Senior Research Associate, at the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). He received his PhD in Economics from Maastricht University. His main research interests are in labor economics, migration, and development economics.