Trade liberalisation in many developing countries has been pursued selectively, with a general reduction in tariffs counterbalanced by growing reliance on non-tariff measures. This column reports research on the political economy of such selective trade reform in Mubarak-era Egypt. The evidence shows that sectors with a greater concentration of politically connected business ‘cronies’ enjoyed systematically higher levels of non-tariff protection.
Adeel MalikOxford University
Adeel Malik is the Globe Fellow in the economies of Muslim societies at the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies and an associate professor of development economics at the University of Oxford. He is trying to develop a broader research lens on the political economy of the Middle East. His previous research affiliations have included: the Department of Economics, Oxford University (2004-05); Merton College (2002-03 and 2005-06); and the Center for International Development, Harvard University (2001). He completed his PhD in economics at Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar in 2004.