The widespread replacement of coal with natural gas as Turkey’s key energy source over the past 25 years has led to much improved air quality. This column reports research showing that the environmental benefits of the transition to natural gas have resulted in a significant reduction in infant mortality.
In 2005, Turkey extended basic healthcare services to its entire population under a free-of-charge, centrally administered system. This column reports research showing that the programme was successful in lowering mortality rates across provinces, particularly for the most vulnerable. The findings provide compelling evidence in support of providing accessible healthcare services to all citizens.
Educational reforms in Turkey 20 years ago led to a significant improvement in the attainment of young men and women. This column reports research indicating that the children of women who were required to extend their time at school from five to eight years are healthier at birth and less likely to die by the age of five.