How do MENA firms participating in international trade compare with their counterparts elsewhere in the world as well as with non-traders in the region? This column reports globally comparative data on the size and productivity of firms that export, import and do both – ‘two-way traders’. The results indicate the need for policy measures in MENA economies to promote efficient access to export markets and material inputs, especially for dynamic mid-range firms with potential for growth.
David C. FrancisSenior Economist with the World Bank’s Enterprise Analysis Unit
David Francis is a Senior Economist with the World Bank’s Enterprise Analysis Unit, where he has worked since 2010. Prior to joining the World Bank, he served as a researcher at Princeton University, where his work focused on patterns of preferential trade agreements, foreign direct investment, and the governance of the global economic system. His areas of focus include the political economy of international trade, firm dynamics and productivity. Francis holds degrees from Davidson College and Columbia University.