In many countries of the Middle East and North Africa, rates of caesarean deliveries are above what is recommended by the World Health Organization. This column summarises new research that evaluates the effects of a major healthcare policy in Iran in which doctors and patients received financial incentives to opt for vaginal delivery instead of c-section.
Ensuring that developing countries remain able to access credit markets is vital for promoting growth and recovery post-pandemic. This column argues that efforts by major economies to support regional development banks and preserve their financial standing will help to limit the cost of rebuilding after the crisis. In turn, this will help to preserve international capital markets in the short and medium run.
Participation in global value chains is widely understood to have positive effects on firms’ productivity. Less appreciated is the significance of input-output interlinkages between industrial sectors as sources of productivity spillovers. This column explores the magnitude of these effects for industries in Turkey.
Iranians experienced a destructive eight-years war with Iraq between 1980 and 1988, which together with the Islamic Revolution resulted in significant economic costs. This column reports new research that examines individuals’ experiences of the Iran-Iraq war during early adulthood (18-25 years) and the impact on their preference for strong national defence forces.